The 3M Model of Motivation and Personality: Theory and Empirical Applications to Consumer Behavior

The 3M Model of Motivation and Personality: Theory and Empirical Applications to Consumer Behavior

[Online library] The 3M Model of Motivation and Personality: Theory and Empirical Applications to Consumer Behavior

Read Snippet : Integrating control theory, evolutionary psychology, and a hierarchical approach to personality, this book presents a new approach to motivation, personality, and consumer behavior. Called the 3M, which stands for `Meta-theoretic Model of Motivation’, this theory seeks to account for how personality traits interact with the situation to influence consumer attitudes and actions. The book proposes that multiple personality traits combine to form a motivational network that acts to influence behavior. Mowen argues that in order to understand the causes of enduring behavioral tendencies, one must identify the more abstract traits underlying surface behaviors. In constructing the 3M model, the author reports data from fifteen empirical studies employing over 3500 respondents. In this hierarchical model, four types of personality traits are identified: elemental, compound, situational, and surface traits. Eight elemental traits are proposed as forming the underlying dimensions of personality. Consistent with control theory, the research reveals that the elemental traits combine to form compound traits, such as self-efficacy, task orientation, playfulness, and competitiveness. These elemental and compound traits combine with situational influences to cause enduring behavioral tendencies within general situational contexts. Examples of situational traits investigated include impulsive buying, value consciousness, sports interest, and health motivation. In the 3M model the elemental, compound, and situational traits combine to yield surface traits, which are enduring dispositions to act in specific behavioral contexts. Five surface traits are empirically investigated in the book: compulsive buying, sports participation, healthy diet lifestyles, proneness to bargaining, and a tendency to frugality. Across these five studies, the empirical results reveal that the 3M model accounts for over 44% of the variance in the surface trait measures. By presenting a new meta-theory of motivation and personality that is testable, Mowen’s 3M model accounts for high levels of variance in consumer behavior. By integrating the work of selected past and current theorists into a comprehensible whole, the 3M model provides coherence in a field currently dominated by conflicting ideas, theories, and approaches. The book provides evidence that by understanding the individual dispositions that underlie consumer behavior, public policy officials and marketing specialists can develop better communication programs to influence and persuade their target audiences. The book shows how to employ the 3M model to segment the marketplace, provide psychographic inventories, position brands, create promotional themes, and develop brand personalities.

On the provision facet, many industries are seeing the introduction of latest technologies that create completely new methods of serving present needs and significantly disrupt current trade value chains. Disruption can also be flowing from agile, progressive competitors who, due to access to global digital platforms for research, growth, advertising, gross sales, and distribution, can oust nicely-established incumbents sooner than ever by enhancing the standard, pace, or worth at which worth is delivered.

One of many first issues I’ve is parking. Many older industrial buildings were legally constructed with a parking ratio of “two to at least one.” This implies that there have been two parking spaces allocated for every 1,000 sq. feet of constructing space. This may be woefully insufficient for any sort of office use, and would not meet any trendy building code for office use. An office building is usually required to have a parking ratio of five to 1, and generally more. So in most jurisdictions, a 10,000 square foot workplace constructing would want at the very least 50 parking spaces. So the office conversion candidate in all probability wants an oversize plot, or an adjoining plot that may be acquired. Or, the economics may actually justify demolishing part of the present structure to create extra parking.

On the whole, there are four major effects that the Fourth Industrial Revolution has on business—on buyer expectations, on product enhancement, on collaborative innovation, and on organizational kinds. Whether customers or businesses, customers are increasingly at the epicenter of the financial system, which is all about enhancing how clients are served. Bodily services, moreover, can now be enhanced with digital capabilities that enhance their value. New applied sciences make belongings more durable and resilient, while data and analytics are reworking how they are maintained. A world of customer experiences, knowledge-primarily based providers, and asset efficiency through analytics, meanwhile, requires new types of collaboration, notably given the speed at which innovation and disruption are happening. And the emergence of worldwide platforms and different new enterprise fashions, lastly, signifies that expertise, culture, and organizational varieties should be rethought.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution, lastly, will change not solely what we do but additionally who we are. It should have an effect on our identification and all the issues related to it: our sense of privacy, our notions of possession, our consumption patterns, the time we dedicate to work and leisure, and the way we develop our careers, cultivate our expertise, meet individuals, and nurture relationships. It’s already altering our health and resulting in a quantified” self, and before we predict it could lead to human augmentation. The list is countless because it’s certain only by our imagination.

Politically Exposed Persons (StAR Initiative)

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Book Snippet : In recent years, revelations of grand corruption and the plunder of state assets have led to greater scrutiny of financial relationships with politically exposed persons (PEPs)mdash;senior government officials and their family members and close associates. Notwithstanding the efforts by many financial institutions and regulatory authorities to prevent corrupt PEPs from entering and using the financial system to launder the proceeds of corruption, there has been an overall failure in the effective implementation of international standards on PEPs. Implementation of an effective PEP regime is a critical component in the prevention and detection of transfers of proceeds of crime and, therefore, ultimately in the process of recovering them.’Politically Exposed Persons: Preventive Measures for the Banking Sector’ is designed to help banks and regulatory authorities address the risks posed by PEPs and prevent corrupt PEPs from using domestic and international financial systems to launder the proceeds of corruption. The book provides recommendations and good practices aimed at improving compliance with international standards and increasing supervisory effectiveness. It is an important tool for individuals, governments, financial and private sector companies, and international organizations involved in developing and implementing standards aimed at fighting corruption and money laundering, and trying to recover stolen assets and the proceeds of corruption.

The statement units out what has been agreed between the employer and the worker throughout the recruitment course of, comparable to job title and outline, starting date, workplace, wage, benefits, required hours of work, vacation and illness entitlement, notice intervals, grievance arrangements and disciplinary procedures.
Employment The City College Of New York

If a Work Permit Employment Allow or a Common Employment Permit holder has been placed on quick-time working or there has been a change to any of the terms and circumstances making use of in respect of the employment allow in force, the Department of Enterprise, Enterprise and Innovation have to be notified, as failure to take action will affect on future purposes for the renewal of such employment permits.
Changing Trends In Enterprises, Entrepreneurship, And Employment

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In West Virginia, the “at will” employee might terminate their employment at any time. This isn’t the case for the employer. The employer cannot terminate the employee’s work for an unlawful motive. What is roofed as an unlawful reason? The employee can’t be terminated in such a approach that would mean they have been going through discrimination for age, sex, race, religion or being pregnant. The employee will not be terminated if they’ve spoken to authorities about health and safety lapses inside the firm or any other actions whereby they may be termed a “whistleblower”.

Strategy Maps: Converting Intangible Assets into Tangible Outcomes

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Author : Robert S. Kaplan, David P. Norton
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Description : More than a decade ago, Robert S. Kaplan and David P. Norton introduced the Balanced Scorecard, a revolutionary performance measurement system that allowed organizations to quantify intangible assets such as people, information, and customer relationships. Then, in The Strategy-Focused Organization, Kaplan and Norton showed how organizations achieved breakthrough performance with a management system that put the Balanced Scorecard into action.Now, using their ongoing research with hundreds of Balanced Scorecard adopters across the globe, the authors have created a powerful new tool–the “strategy map”–that enables companies to describe the links between intangible assets and value creation with a clarity and precision never before possible. Kaplan and Norton argue that the most critical aspect of strategy–implementing it in a way that ensures sustained value creation–depends on managing four key internal processes: operations, customer relationships, innovation, and regulatory and social processes. The authors show how companies can use strategy maps to link those processes to desired outcomes; evaluate, measure, and improve the processes most critical to success; and target investments in human, informational, and organizational capital. Providing a visual “aha!” for executives everywhere who can’t figure out why their strategy isn’t working, Strategy Maps is a blueprint any organization can follow to align processes, people, and information technology for superior performance.

Crime and the Economy (Compact Criminology)

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Author : Richard Rosenfeld, Steven F. Messner
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Description : In this unique and timely book, two of the world’s leading criminologists explore the connections between crime and economic conditions. The authors skilfully draw on influential criminological theories to formulate an original “institutional” perspective. This perspective sheds light on the complex ways in which levels and forms of crime reflect the structure and functioning of the economy in advanced capitalist societies. nbsp;The book offers a readable, interesting and accessible analysis, addressing an array of different criminal activities, including: violent crime drug crime white-collar crime organised crime fraudcorporate crime.Crime and the Economy is written with clarity and flair. Technical terms, where used, are fully explained; relevant examples punctuate the discussion; and key points are supported by graphs and diagrams. It is essential reading for undergraduates, graduate students, and academics in criminology and sociology. nbsp;nbsp;Compact Criminology is an exciting series that invigorates and challenges the international field of criminology.nbsp; nbsp;Books in the series are short, authoritative, innovative assessments of emerging issues in criminology and criminal justice ndash; offering critical, accessible introductions to important topics.nbsp; They take a global rather than a narrowly national approach.nbsp; Eminently readable and first-rate in quality, each book is written by a leading specialist. nbsp;Compact Criminology provides a new type of tool for teaching, learning and research, one that is flexible and light on its feet. The series addresses fundamental needs in the growing and increasingly differentiated field of criminology.

Blaggers: Adventures Inside the Sun-Kissed but Murky World of Holiday Timeshare

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Author : Barry Ley
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Description : In 1988 a fresh-faced 18-year-old, Barry Ley, made his first tentative foray into the cut-throat world of timeshare sales. This book chronicles his adventures around the world, from side-splitting anecdotes of sales tactics to hair-raising tales of extortion and organised crime. It follows Barry’s story from his first days as a rep in 1988 to his time in Mexico, detailing all his adventures, relationships and losses along the way.Ninety per cent of those who enter the timeshare business give it up within a fortnight, such are the pressures they face. But for those who stick it out the rewards can be sky high: the chance to earn big money, and have a bloody good time doing it. Blaggers is an insider’s exposeacute; of timeshare salesmen – the people we all love to hate – as they fast-talk and freewheel their way around one of the most ruthless marketplaces on earth.

Internationale Verrechnungspreise in multinationalen Unternehmen (German Edition)

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Author : Thomas Rauchfuszlig;
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Description : Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich BWL – Controlling, Note: 1,7, Universitauml;t Konstanz, 21 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die nachfolgende Seminararbeit analysiert und diskutiert wesentliche Ansauml;tze der Verrechnungspreisproblematik. Daruuml;ber hinaus gibt sie noch einen Uuml;berblick uuml;ber gesetzliche Neuregelungen im Bereich internationaler Verrechnungspreise.Nach diesem Einleitungskapitel folgt in Kapitel 2 der Versuch einer Begriffsabgrenzung. In Kapitel 3 werden die verschiedenen Funktionen von Verrechnungspreisen beleuchtet. Verrechnungspreise erfuuml;llen als Hauptfunktion die Koordination des Managements und die Erfolgszuweisung der einzelnen Einheiten eines Unternehmens.Kapitel 4 stellt verschiedenen Mouml;glichkeiten dar, wie die zwischen verschiedenen Bereichen des Unternehmens ausgetauschten Lieferungen und Leistungen bewertet werden kouml;nnen. Man unterscheidet hier zwischen marktorientierten Verrechnungspreisen, kostenorientierten Verrechnungspreisen sowie zwischen Verrechnungspreisen die auf Verhandlungen basieren.Kapitel 5 gibt die wesentliche Bedeutung des Armacute;s Length-Grundsatzes wieder und reifiziert dessen Bedeutung im deutschen Steuerrecht.Kapitel 6 befasst sich ausfuuml;hrlich mit den von der OECD anerkannten Pricing-Methoden. Zudem werden jeweils Vor- und Nachteile dargestellt.Das letzte Kapitel des Hauptteiles gibt einen Uuml;berblick uuml;ber gesetzliche Neuregelungen im Bereich internationaler Verrechnungspreise der letzten Jahre. Gerade aufgrund der Dokumentationspflicht muuml;ssen die Unternehmen Aufzeichnungen bezuuml;glich ihrer Geschauml;ftsbeziehungen erstellen.Abschlieszlig;end folgt eine Zusammenfassung der wesentlichen Inhalte.

Good Italy, Bad Italy

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Author : Bill Emmott
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Description : Not long ago Italy was Europe’s highly touted emerging economy, a society that blended dynamism and super-fast growth with a lifestyle that was the envy of all. Now it is viewed as a major threat to the future of the Euro, indeed to the European Union as a whole. Italy’s political system is shorn of credibility as it struggles to deal with huge public debts and anemic levels of economic growth. Young people are emigrating in droves, frustrated at the lack of opportunity, while older people stubbornly cling to their rights and privileges, fearful of an uncertain future.In this lively, up-to-the-minute book, Bill Emmott explains how Italy sank to this low point, how Italians feel about it, and what can be done to return the country to more prosperous and more democratic times. With the aid of numerous personal interviews, Emmott analyzes “Bad Italy”mdash;the land of disgraced Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, an inadequate justice system, an economy dominated by special interests and continuing corruptionmdash;against its contrasting foil “Good Italy,” the home of enthusiastic entrepreneurs, truth-seeking journalists, and countless citizens determined to end mafia domination for good.

Introduction to Security

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Author : Robert J. Fischer, Edward Halibozek, Gion Green
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Description : Introduction to Security has been the leading introduction to private security for over 30 years, celebrated for its balanced and professional approach to this increasingly important area. Now the 8th edition expands the key topics and adds material important in the 21st century environment. The author team brings together top-level professional experience in industry with years of teaching experience. As a recommended title for security certifications, it is a crucial resource for the 30,000+ ASIS International members, and is also used as a core security textbook in universities throughout the country. This is Butterworth-Heinemann’s best-selling security text of all time, an essential reference for all security professionals.* Significantly expanded chapters on computer issues, cargo, homeland security and terrorism* New chapter on Internal Issues and Controls covering crucial information on internal theft, personnel policies, and drugs and violence in the workplace* More illustrations and photos to make learning easier

Modern Manners: Tools to Take You to the Top

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Author : Dorothea Johnson, Liv Tyler
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Description : From the world-renowned etiquette expert and her granddaughter, Liv Tyler, an elegant guide to 21st-century manners and etiquette for professionals who want to be confident and successful in the business and social arenas.nbsp;Developing good etiquette and manners is an important investment in your future. They allow you to feel at ease in any situation–and give you the polish and confidence to become a leader. Etiquette expert Dorothea Johnson’s essential dos and don’ts address both 21st-century and classic questions, including:* acing job interviews* giving confident handshakes* making conversation* proper business attire and meeting protocol* e-mail etiquette, including what to post–or not–on social media* how to deal with rude cell phone users* conducting a meeting at a restaurant* attending business or social events* table mannersWith style, wit, and delightful commentary throughout from her granddaughter, Liv Tyler, on everything from being a good guest to finding a balance with technology, Modern Manners is the must-have guide to ensure your success.From the Hardcover edition.

Global Energy Dilemmas

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Author : Mike Bradshaw
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Description : Todayrsquo;s global energy system faces two major challenges: how to secure the supply of reliable and affordable energy; and how to rapidly transform to a low-carbon, efficient and environmentally harmless energy supply. In this rigorous and illuminating book, Michael Bradshaw explores the key aspects of the current global energy dilemma and examines how it is playing out across the major regions and countries of the world. The book begins by charting the development of the current global energy system – exploring its key characteristics with a focus upon energy security and the relationship between energy, economic development and climate change. The next four chapters offer in-depth analyses of four distinct global energy dilemmas in different parts of the world: the challenge of sustaining affluence and decarbonising energy services in the high-energy economies of the developed world; the legacies of the centrally planned economy and the consequences of liberalisation in the post-socialist world; growing energy demand and emissions growth associated with the emerging regions; and finally, the quest to provide universal access to modern energy services in the developing world in a manner that is both economically and environmentally sustainable. Identifying the governance structures and policy options available to tackle the global energy dilemma, the book concludes that only an integrated approach – sensitive to regional issues – can reconcile the interests and needs of those facing differing energy challenges across the world today.